What is Fibromyalgia Syndrome?
Regular Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal aches, pain and stiffness, soft tissue tenderness, general fatigue, and sleep disturbances. The most common sites of pain include the neck, back, shoulders, pelvic girdle, and hands, but any body part can be affected. Fibromyalgia patients experience a range of symptoms of varying intensities that wax and wane over time. For more information about FM see the Fibromyalgia Information page.
Fibromyalgia Exercise Instructions
Regular aerobic exercise has been found to alleviate pain and improve function in Fibromyalgia! Several studies have shown that exercise in addition to sleep improvement helps most Fibromyalgia sufferers. For more information about cardiovascular, strength, and flexibility exercises, please visit the Fibromyalgia Exercises page. We also have a recommended exercise plan for beginners.
Fibromyalgia Sleep Improvements
Restful sleep has been found to improve fatigue but also pain and function in Fibromyalgia! Many studies have shown that regular sleep helps most Fibromyalgia patients. For more information about methods to improve sleeping, please see the following pages:
Fibromyalgia Stress Reduction
Chronic stress is strongly related to the chronic pain of Fibromyalgia! Many studies have shown that most Fibromyalgia patients experience worsening of pain and distress during stressful episodes. For more information about methods to improve stress, see the Fibromyalgia Stress Reduction information sheet.
Fibromyalgia Diet Recommendations
Being overweight or eating the wrong diet can contribute or worsen fibromyalgia pain. Therefore weight control and dietary restrictions may be very helpful for reducing fibromyalgia symptoms. The best recommendations for diet are to eat a healthy, well-balanced diet that incorporates a variety of nutritious foods that includes vegetables, whole fruits, whole grains, healthy sources of protein and minimizes added sugars, salts and saturated/trans fats. A great resource for finding information to help you adopt a healthier diet can be found on MyPlate.
If you’re looking for more specific diet recommendations, there is limited evidence that reducing polyamines can help reduce the overactivity of the nervous system. For more information about polyamines and what foods to avoid, see our Fibromyalgia Diet list.
Fibromyalgia Memory Abnormalities (Fibro-Fog)
Difficulties with memory is one of the hallmarks of fibromyalgia! Particularly short-term memory seems to be impaired in chronic pain patients. For more information about methods to improve memory, see the Fibromyalgia Memory Improvement information sheet.